1. Most digital cameras allow the user to set the degree of sharpness, contrast, and colour saturation. Avoid the temptation to do so. Leave them at the ‘zero’ settings.
2. Always take your photos at the highest resolution the camera is capable of.
3.If you are not comfortable with the various shooting modes, set the camera to P mode (Program mode).
4. Don’t be afraid to use the in-built flash if your subject is in shade or against the light. In Program mode, the camera will adjust the exposure automatically.
5.The built-in flash is designed for short distances only; do not use the flash when your subject is over 8-10 feet away.
6.Use the lowest possible ISO for a given lighting condition.
7.In low-light conditions, you may need to increase the ISO sensitivity, but remember that increasing the ISO beyond a certain point will result in ‘digital noise’ (pictures will look grainy).
8. If your camera offers RAW mode, shoot in RAW. You will of course require a RAW converter to open and edit such files.
9.It is important to set the White Balance according to the colour of the available light, but if you are shooting in RAW, you may keep the WB to ‘Auto’.
10.Don’t rely on the camera’s LCD to view the sharpness, contrast and colour of the subject/scene you have recorded. The LCD is designed only to facilitate your framing, and is not colour corrected. Images that appear sharp on the LCD may not be when viewed on the computer monitor.